Rug Terms Dictionary

Cotton Backing: A rug is made up of many layers of fabric. Most Safavieh rugs are attached to a lower layer of cotton, ensuring a softer and more durable rug.

Finish: The final surface coating, or finish, of a rug is added to provide extra durability and shine.

Hand-hooked: This term applies to a certain style of hand-crafted rug. In rug production, many artisans use a tool called a "hand hook" to craft their rugs from strips or piles of fabric. A hand hook looks similar to a crochet hook, and is used for a similar purpose.

Hand-spun wool: This term simply refers to wool rugs that are spun by hand. Wool is an ideal material for rugs due to its durability and softness.

Hand tuft(ed): Hand-tufted rugs are similar to hand-knotted rugs, but are created by wrapping the yarn around the base threads, instead of knotting it. Most hand-tufted rugs are kept in place with a latex adhesive, and attached to some form of backing (many Safavieh rugs employ a cotton backing). To produce a hand-tufted rug, most artisans use a tufting gun, which uses needles to create intricate designs. Today's guns and needles are of such high caliber, it allows manufacturers to produce rugs with a finer weave and denser pile.

Herbal wash: The Safavieh company gives many of their rugs an herbal wash, w hich results in a sleek luster and an aged patina.

Jute: Jute is a strong, coarse fiber made from Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, two plants found in Eastern India. Jute is renowned for its incredible durability.

Pot dying technique: Safavieh creates many of their vividly hued rugs by dying the wool in a pot before weaving the rug.

Wool pile: This refers to the strips of fabric used to make a rug. Wool is gathered and sewed together in the shape of a long strip, then woven or hand-tufted together.